Antimicrobial Agents and Resistance

Any substance that eliminates bacteria or inhibits their development or multiplication is considered an antibiotic.An antibiotic is a chemical compound made by microorganisms that has the power to stop or kill bacteria and other microorganisms at low quantities. 

Antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, and antiparasitics are examples of antimicrobials, which are drugs used to prevent and cure infections in people, animals, and plants.
As gram-positive bacteria have primarily peptidoglycan cell walls as opposed to gram-negative bacteria, which also have a lipopolysaccharide and protein layer, penicillin is more efficient against gram-positive bacteria.

Antimicrobial resistance happens when bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites transform in a way that makes the drugs used to treat the diseases they cause ineffective. The term "superbugs" is frequently used to describe germs that have developed resistance to most antimicrobials.


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